News Finance

Market Capitalization Calculator

Market Capitalization Calculator

Market Capitalization Calculator

Market Capitalization Calculator

Stock Price per Share:
Number of Outstanding Shares:
Market Capitalization:

Market Capitalization which is also known as ‘Market Cap’, is an assessment that evaluates the size of a publicly traded company. Investors need to assess a company’s size and its worth in the market to make informed investments, and they use this. 

It is computed by multiplying the market value of all outstanding shares of a corporation by their total number. Put more simply, it’s the entire market value of all the company’s shares that are traded. It is essential to understand the company’s position in the financial market.

This is how Market Capitalization is calculated:

Market Cap = Current Share Price × Total Number of Shares Outstanding


How is market capitalization calculated?

The total worth of all of a company’s stock shares is referred to as the market cap, also known as market capitalization. It is computed by multiplying a stock’s price by the total number of shares that are outstanding. A corporation with 20 crore shares, for instance, selling for Rs. 50 each would have a Rs. 1 Arab market capitalization.


What is a market cap calculator?

You can use the market capitalization calculator to determine the market capitalization, often known as market cap, which is the total worth of a company’s outstanding shares. Don’t worry if you don’t know what it is; we’ll explain it in this brief post.


How do you calculate market capitalization without share price?

Using an alternative method, we may determine the market capitalization by deducting the company’s net debt from its enterprise value. This method is the only practical way to calculate equity value for privately held corporations because they don’t have an easily accessible public share price.

News Finance

Can I invest in mutual funds without a SIP? 

Investing in mutual funds has become increasingly popular as individuals seek avenues to grow their wealth and achieve financial goals. While Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) are a common and disciplined approach, potential investors often wonder whether it’s possible to invest in mutual funds without a SIP.

The answer is yes, you can invest in mutual funds without a SIP (Systematic Investment Plan). SIP is just one option among many for investing in mutual funds, but it’s not the only choice. You can also make a Lump sum investment in the mutual funds. There are different approaches you can take to invest in mutual funds.


What are the traditional routes to mutual fund investment?

traditional routes to mutual fund investment

Secondary Market Purchases on Stock Exchanges

Using the secondary market on stock exchanges like the Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) is a simple way to invest in mutual funds without a SIP. Units of mutual funds that are already listed on the exchange can be traded at any time. This option provides flexibility, enabling investors to make purchases and sales under their financial plans and the state of the market.

Direct Purchase from Fund Managers

Those who are not inclined toward systematic investment plans (SIPs) have the option of purchasing open-ended mutual fund schemes directly from fund managers. To directly purchase and redeem units, investors can go to the office of the fund manager or one of its approved agents. The benefit of open-ended funds is that they don’t have a set maturity date, giving you the freedom to invest and withdraw at any time.

Participating in Initial Public Offerings (IPOs)

Upon launch, mutual fund schemes frequently go through an initial public offering (IPO) procedure. The general public can subscribe to fund units during this period. Subject to regulatory agencies such as the Securities Board of Nepal (SEBON) approving the new mutual fund offerings, investors can investigate new avenues and take part in initial public offerings (IPOs).

What are the benefits of the SIP alternative?

Potentially Higher Returns

The attraction of lump sum investments is their instantaneous capacity to capitalize on market expansion, providing a competitive edge in an expanding market. A lump sum deposit exposes the entire amount to the market at once, in contrast to SIPs, where investments are spaced out over certain times. This strategy may yield larger returns in a thriving market since the entire investment amount gains from market upswings from the beginning.

Lump sum investments may be a wise strategic move for investors eager to profit from particular market situations or who have a great sense of market trends. It’s important to recognize that there are dangers associated with this strategy, though, as market timing is difficult by nature and unanticipated downturns can result in losses. 

Nevertheless, for those with a risk appetite and confidence in market movements, the potential for immediate and robust returns makes lump sum investments an enticing option.

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Faster Achievement of Short-Term Goals

Lump sum investments are designed specifically for people who have short-term financial goals and prioritize achieving those goals as soon as possible. Lump sum investments can offer a quicker route to achieving these goals, whether they are related to saving for a down payment on a house, paying for future educational costs, or organizing a dream vacation.

For example, a lump sum investment can take advantage of market conditions to accelerate the growth of invested cash if an investor has a few years to reach a certain financial goal. This is particularly relevant in scenarios when the urgency of the financial goal may not coincide with waiting for additional SIP contributions.

Although the possibility of achieving goals more quickly is appealing, investors must balance this with the related market dangers. Although lump sum investments may yield faster returns due to the inherent volatility of financial markets, investors run the risk of having their returns negatively impacted by short-term market swings.

What are the drawbacks of the SIP alternative?

Market Risk

The difficulty of market timing is one of the main drawbacks of lump sum investments. The financial markets are dynamic and subject to a wide range of influences, including world sentiment, geopolitical developments, and economic indicators. Finding the right time to enter the market is a difficult endeavor that has stumped many experienced investors. It’s difficult to time the market correctly, and errors in judgment could leave investors vulnerable to losses if the market declines soon after the lump sum investment.

Prices can change suddenly and quickly due to the inherent volatility of financial markets. Unrealized losses may result from the portfolio’s value being diminished by a market downturn that happens soon after a lump sum investment. 

For investors thinking about making lump sum investments, this danger emphasizes how crucial it is to do in-depth financial analysis, market research, and a sophisticated grasp of global economic trends. Even yet, it is crucial to recognize that risk mitigation is a finely balanced process and that market moves can be erratic.

Requires Larger Capital

The need for a larger initial cash commitment is another important factor to consider when making lump-sum investments. Bulk sum investments require a larger initial capital injection than SIPs, where investors can start with relatively small amounts. For some people, especially newcomers with small resources or those who would like to take a more systematic and phased approach to investing, this requirement might not be possible.

For those who are currently assembling their investment portfolio or would rather experiment with lesser commitments, the higher capital need may serve as a disincentive. 

Investors must make sure that their investment approach fits their long-term objectives, risk tolerance, and financial capability. Although lump sum investments provide the opportunity for instant exposure to market development, it is crucial to make sure that the strategy selected aligns with each person’s unique financial situation.

What affects your decision to invest in mutual funds without a SIP?

  • To Create Long-Term Wealth: Because of the advantages of disciplined investing and rupee-cost averaging, SIPs are typically advised.
  • For Immediate Objectives: If investors have the funds and think the market is ready for rapid expansion, then a lump sum investment can be appropriate.
  • For Novices: People can learn about investing without taking a big initial risk by starting with little SIPs. But if your risk tolerance and market timing are in line, investing in lump sums can be a good alternative.

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What are the traditional routes to mutual fund investment?

Investors have several traditional routes to mutual fund investment, including: Secondary Market Purchases on Stock Exchanges Direct Purchase from Fund Managers Participating in Initial Public Offerings (IPOs)

What are the benefits of the SIP alternative?

Two key benefits of the SIP alternative are: Potentially Higher Returns: Lump sum investments can capitalize on market growth immediately, potentially yielding higher returns, especially in a rising market. Faster Achievement of Short-Term Goals: Lump sum investments are suitable for short-term financial objectives, providing a quicker route to achieving goals like saving for a down payment or funding education.

What are the drawbacks of the SIP alternative?

Drawbacks of the SIP alternative include: Market Risk: Timing the market is challenging, exposing investors to potential losses if the market experiences a downturn. Requires Larger Capital: Lump sum investments may not be feasible for everyone, especially beginners with limited savings.

What affects your decision to invest without a SIP?

The decision depends on individual factors such as: Long-Term Wealth Creation: SIPs are recommended for disciplined investing. Immediate Objectives: Lump sum investments may be suitable if funds are available, and rapid market expansion is anticipated. For Novices: Small SIPs allow learning without a large initial risk, but lump sum investments can be considered based on risk tolerance and market timing alignment.

Can I invest in mutual funds without a SIP using the secondary market?

Yes, you can invest by purchasing mutual fund units directly from the secondary market on stock exchanges like the Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE), where listed units are freely tradable.

How can I buy mutual fund units directly from fund managers?

Investors can directly purchase open-ended mutual fund schemes from fund managers by visiting their offices or authorized agents. Open-ended funds provide flexibility without a fixed maturity date.

What is an initial public offering (IPO) in the context of mutual funds?

An IPO is a process where new mutual fund schemes are launched, and the general public can subscribe to fund units during this phase. Regulatory approval, such as from the Securities Board of Nepal (SEBON), is necessary before these new funds can accept investments.

Why is lump sum investment suitable for short-term financial goals?

Lump sum investments are designed for individuals with short-term financial goals as they can potentially provide a quicker route to achieving these goals. This approach leverages market conditions to expedite the growth of invested capital, making it particularly relevant for time-sensitive financial objectives.


To sum up, investing in mutual funds gives more options than only SIPs. Investors are free to select a method that best suits their preferences, risk tolerance, and financial objectives, whether that be through secondary market purchases, direct interactions with fund managers, or involvement in initial public offerings (IPOs). Comprehending the subtleties inherent in every alternative is vital for making well-informed investing choices and optimizing the possibility of generating wealth.

News Finance

Difference between bonus shares and right shares

For investors hoping to take part in the expansion of different enterprises, the Nepalese stock market offers a multitude of investment options. Investors need to understand the concept of “Bonus Shares” and “Right Shares” while involved in the share market. Both entail the issuance of fresh shares, but they have different goals and affect shareholders in different ways. In this blog, we will understand the bonus shares and the difference between bonus shares and right shares.


What are bonus shares?

Bonus shares are free shares given to current owners based on the amount of shares they currently own. These shares promote long-term investment and serve as a reward for loyalty. Bonus shares are subject to SEBON laws and the Securities Act, just as right shares

A SEBON approval is required before bonus shares are issued. Businesses in Nepal provide bonus shares to reward customers for their loyalty, improve market sentiment, and boost liquidity by increasing the total number of shares in circulation.

What is the impact of bonus shares?

Dilution: As the total number of shares rises, bonus shares, like right shares, cause dilution of current shareholder ownership.

Market Price: Because of the additional liquidity, the short-term impact on the market price is often neutral or slightly positive. Market conditions and the company’s performance will determine the long-term effects.

No Subscription: Bonus shares are distributed without charge, and owners are not given the choice to sell or subscribe to them. Shareholder accounts are automatically credited with them.

Let’s say a Nepali business announces a 2:1 bonus share offering. A shareholder who owns 150 shares at the beginning of the bonus share issuance is entitled to an additional 300 shares at no further cost. Consequently, the bonus share allocation causes their overall holding to increase to 450 shares, essentially tripling.

Difference between bonus shares and right shares?

The difference between bonus share and right share is tabulated below:

FeatureRight SharesBonus Shares
PurposeRaise capitalReward loyalty, improve market sentiment
SubscriptionOptionalNot applicable
Dilution effectYesYes
Market impactCan initially depressNeutral or slightly positive
RegulationsSEBON approval requiredSEBON approval required

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What are bonus shares, and how do they differ from right shares?

Bonus shares are free shares given to existing shareholders based on their holdings. They reward loyalty and boost liquidity. Unlike right shares, they don't require a subscription and are automatically credited to your account.

What are the impacts of bonus shares?

Similar to right shares, they lead to slight ownership dilution. The market price may remain neutral or slightly increase due to added liquidity. Long-term effects depend on the company and market conditions.

Which is better, the right shares or bonus shares?

Is bonus share good or bad?

Bonus shares can be beneficial as they increase shareholder ownership without requiring additional investment and can signal confidence in the company's performance. However, they can also dilute existing shareholders' ownership and may indicate a lack of cash reserves for dividends. Ultimately, the perception of bonus shares depends on individual investor preferences and the company's specific circumstances.


Making wise investment decisions requires an understanding of the right shares and bonus shares in the context of the Nepalese market. Both approaches entail the issuing of additional shares, but they must be carefully considered due to their differing goals, effects, and legal requirements. 

Investors can strategically manage the Nepalese stock market by understanding the key distinctions and potential repercussions and making decisions that align with their investing objectives. A company’s financial structure is greatly influenced by both right shares and bonus shares, therefore investors should consider these factors while constructing a diversified portfolio.

News Finance

What is Right Share and how to apply for right share in Nepal?

Right shares are issued by any company to raise capital and right share can only be issued after the company has issued an IPO of the company previously. To apply for the right share of any company you already need to have a share of that specific company. You will learn in detail how to apply the right shares in this blog.


What are the right shares?

Right shares are newly issued stock sold to current stockholders at a price lower than the going rate. Based on their current holdings, each shareholder has the “right” to buy a certain number of additional shares.

The Securities Act of 2006 and guidelines established by the Securities Board of Nepal (SEBON) control the issue of right shares in Nepal. The issuance procedure, eligibility requirements, and shareholder rights are all outlined in these regulations.

In Nepal, businesses usually offer the right shares to raise money for investments, debt repayment, or business expansion. For such issuances, SEBON clearance is required, guaranteeing regulatory control.

What should you look for while applying for the right share?

  • Issue price
  • The ratio of new shares to existing shares
  • Subscription dates
  • Payment methods
  • Required documents (e.g., Demat account details, existing shares of a company)

Select your application method 

You can apply for the right shares using the given methods:

  • Through the broker: Usually, your registered broker is the one you apply to.
  • Issuer’s office: It may be possible to apply directly in some situations.
  • Online method: Login into your Meroshare account.

How do you apply for the right share through Meroshare Asba?

Step 1: Visit the Mero Share website. Enter your “Depository Participant”,  “Username” and “Password” to log in to your account.

mero share login

Step 2: After login, you will see the dashboard as below. Click on “My ASBA“. Click on “Apply for Issue”, there, you will find your current shares that are available for Right shares. Click on “Apply“.

Step 3: Click on ‘Download Prospectus’ to get more information on the share.


Step 4: Check the number of “Right Kitta Eligibility“. you wish to apply for.

Step 5: Enter your “BOID” no. Then select your “Bank“, branch name, and “Account number”.

Step 6: Select the number of right shares you want to purchase on the ‘Applied Kitta’ selection. 

Step 7: Write your CRN number in the ‘CRN’ section.

Step 8: Click on the check box below and click on ‘Proceed’.

Step 9: Then you’ll receive the OTP or confirmation code.

Step 10: Enter your OTP code on the page where they ask you for your OTP code and click on ‘Apply’. You’ll receive a ‘Your share has been applied.’ notification.  Now your right share buying process is completed.

How Many Right Shares Can I Apply For?

When a company offers rights shares, it specifies a ratio that determines how these shares can be obtained. For instance, Gurans Life Insurance released rights shares with a ratio of 15:5. This indicates that for every 5 shares owned, you can request 15 more shares. Thus, if you presently hold 100 shares of Gurans Life Insurance, you have the opportunity to buy 300 additional shares at the designated price.

let’s break down the calculation:


  • Ratio of rights shares: 15:5
  • Number of shares owned initially: 100

To calculate the number of additional shares eligible to purchase:

1. Determine how many groups of 5 shares are contained within the initial holding of 100 shares:

Number of groups = 100/ 5


2. Multiply the number of groups by the corresponding number of rights shares in the ratio (15):

Additional shares eligible =20×15


So, if you have 100 shares of Gurans Life Insurance, you are eligible to purchase an additional 300 shares through the rights offering.

What is the impact of the right share? 

Dilution: When new shares are introduced at a discounted price, right shares may cause dilution of ownership of current shareholders.

Market Price: Because of the additional supply, the market price of existing shares may initially decline. Long-term consequences, however, are contingent upon the performance of the company and the efficient use of resources.

Subscription: Shareholders may choose to subscribe for the shares that correspond to their allotted rights, sell those rights on the open market, or allow their rights to expire.

Assume a Nepalese firm has 300 shares owned by a shareholder. The business announces offering the right shares at a 20% discount. The shareholder is faced with an option: they can sell their market rights, let them expire, or buy 60 additional shares at a discounted price. The shareholder can purchase more shares at a lower cost than the going rate when the 20% discount is applied.

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What are the right shares, and how do they work?

Right shares are new shares offered to existing shareholders at a discount, allowing them to buy more shares proportionally to their current holdings. This helps companies raise capital without diluting ownership as much as issuing new shares at the market price.

How do I apply for the right shares?

To apply, check if you're eligible (registered shareholder on the record date) and gather details like issue price, subscription dates, and payment methods. Apply through your broker or issuer (if allowed). Submit the form, payment, and required documents (e.g., Demat details) before the deadline.

What are the potential impacts of right shares?

They can dilute ownership slightly. The market price might initially dip due to increased supply, but long-term effects depend on capital usage and company performance. You can choose to subscribe, sell your rights, or let them expire.


In short, right shares are a way for companies to raise capital by offering existing shareholders the chance to buy more shares at a discount. When applying, investors need to consider factors like price, subscription dates, and payment methods. Right shares can impact ownership, and market price, and provide options for shareholders. For example, if a Nepalese firm offers a 20% discount, shareholders could buy additional shares at a lower cost or explore other options with their rights.

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Navigating the Economic Landscape: Understanding the Inflation in Nepal

What Is Inflation?

Inflation is like that cunning little price increase that happens all around us. Simply put, it’s when the prices of goods and services go up over time. So, the dollar you have today won’t buy you as much as it used to. Think of it as a shopping cart that gets more expensive each time you visit the store.


What is inflation in  layman’s terms:

Inflation is when the prices of everyday things, like food, clothes, and toys, go up, and your money doesn’t buy as much as it used to. So, you might need more money to buy the same stuff. It’s like a sneaky increase in the cost of living.

Why Does Inflation Happen?

Several things can cause inflation. One major factor is when there’s too much money floating around in the economy. When people have more money to spend, demand for goods and services goes up, and businesses often respond by raising prices. Another reason is when the cost of making stuff (like raw materials and labor) goes up, which gets passed on to consumers in the form of higher prices. It may also happen due to the recent ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine.

The Significance in Economic Terms:

  • Purchasing Power: Inflation erodes your purchasing power. That means your money buys you less than it used to. So, if you’ve got a stash of cash under the mattress, its real value is shrinking over time.
  • Interest Rates: Inflation plays a role in setting interest rates. When inflation is high, central banks might raise interest rates to slow down spending. When inflation is low, they might lower interest rates to encourage spending.
  • Savings and Investments: If the rate of return on your savings or investments is lower than the inflation rate, you’re essentially losing money. For example, if your savings account gives you a 2% return, but inflation is 3%, you’re losing 1% in real terms.
  • Business Decisions: Businesses need to factor in inflation when setting prices, making investments, and planning for the future. High and unpredictable inflation can make it hard for companies to make wise decisions.
  • Wage Negotiations: Workers often negotiate for higher wages to keep up with rising prices. This can lead to a cycle where higher wages drive up production costs, and businesses respond with even higher prices.

Why the inflation rate of a country, especially Nepal, is a crucial indicator?

The inflation rate of a country, including Nepal, is a crucial economic indicator for several reasons:

  • Purchasing Power: Inflation directly affects the purchasing power of a country’s currency. When the inflation rate is high, the value of the currency decreases over time. This means that the same amount of money will buy fewer goods and services, and people’s standard of living can be weakened.
  • Economic Stability: High or unpredictable inflation can lead to economic instability. It can make it difficult for businesses and individuals to plan for the future, as they are uncertain about the value of their money. This can lead to lower investments and slower economic growth.
  • Interest Rates: Central banks use inflation as a key factor in determining interest rates. High inflation can lead to higher interest rates to control spending and control inflation. Conversely, low inflation can lead to lower interest rates to encourage borrowing and spending.
  • Savings and Investments: Inflation impacts the real return on savings and investments. If the rate of inflation is higher than the return on investments, the real value of savings and investments decreases.
  • Cost of Living: Inflation affects the cost of living. When prices rise, consumers may need to spend more money on basic goods and services, such as food, housing, and healthcare. This can particularly impact low-income individuals and families.
  • Business Decisions: Businesses must account for inflation when setting prices and making investment decisions. High and volatile inflation can lead to uncertainty, making it challenging for businesses to plan and make wise financial decisions.
  • Wage Negotiations: Inflation often leads to wage negotiations. Workers may demand higher wages to keep up with rising prices. When wages rise, businesses may raise prices, contributing to the inflation cycle.
  • Government and Monetary Policy: Governments and central banks use inflation targets as a key part of their monetary policy. They aim to achieve price stability and control inflation within a certain range to promote economic growth and stability.
  • International Trade: High inflation in one country can affect its competitiveness in international markets. A rapidly depreciating currency due to high inflation can make exports more attractive but imports more expensive, potentially affecting the trade balance.
  • Investor Confidence: High and unpredictable inflation can erode investor confidence, as they are uncertain about the future value of their investments. This can affect foreign direct investment and capital flows.

What Causes Inflation in Nepal?

Inflation in Nepal happens when the prices of things go up. It’s like when the cost of candy or toys at the store gets higher. This can be because of a few important reasons:

  • More People Buying Things: When many people want to buy the same things, like clothes or phones, the demand increases. When the demand is high, the prices can go up too.
  • Things Cost More to Make: Sometimes, it costs more to make things like food or clothes. For example, if the cost of making cotton shirts goes up, the price of shirts in the store may also go up.
  • Government and Money: The government and the central bank (Nepal Rastra Bank) can also affect inflation. If they make a lot of money available in the country, it can lead to inflation. If they reduce the amount of money available, it can help control inflation.
  • Taxes and Spending: When the government spends a lot of money and doesn’t collect enough in taxes, it can lead to inflation. More money going around can make prices go up.
  • Imported Things: Nepal gets many things from other countries. If the value of the Nepali currency (Nepali rupee) goes down, it can make these imported things more expensive, leading to higher prices.
  • Natural Disasters and Disruptions: Sometimes, natural disasters or problems with transportation can make it hard to get things to the stores. When there’s not enough stuff in the stores, it can lead to inflation.

So, inflation happens when many people want the same things, when it costs more to make things, when the government and the money supply change, when there are problems with imported goods, and when there are disruptions in getting things to the stores. The government and the central bank need to keep an eye on all these things to make sure prices don’t go up too quickly.

What are the effects of inflation?

Some effects of inflation are given below:

Reduced Purchasing Power: Inflation makes your money worth less. So, if you had Rs 10 before, you might only buy Rs 8 worth of stuff now.

Increased Cost of Living: Things like food, clothes, and housing get more expensive, which means you have to spend more money to maintain your lifestyle.

Impact on Savings: If your savings don’t grow as fast as prices go up, the real value of your savings can shrink over time.

Uncertainty: When prices are always changing, it’s hard to plan for the future. You might not be sure if your money will be enough for what you need.

Interest Rate Changes: Sometimes, banks raise the cost of borrowing money when inflation is high. This can make loans and mortgages more expensive.

Wage Pressures: When things cost more, people often ask for higher wages to keep up. This can lead to a cycle of rising wages and prices.

What is the current economic scenario in Nepal?

Economic Scenario in Nepal

Nepal’s economy is characterized by a mix of agriculture, remittances, and some manufacturing and services. Nepal has been experiencing steady economic growth over the past few years, and efforts have been made to improve infrastructure and attract foreign investment. However, the economy has faced challenges, including political instability and natural disasters.

Key Factors Influencing the Inflation Rate in Nepal:

  • Remittances: Nepal receives a significant amount of remittances from Nepalese workers abroad. This influx of money can lead to increased consumer spending, driving up demand for goods and services.
  • Agricultural Production: Nepal’s economy heavily relies on agriculture. Factors like weather conditions and crop yields can influence food prices, which have a substantial impact on inflation.
  • Exchange Rates: Nepal’s currency, the Nepali Rupee, can be vulnerable to fluctuations in exchange rates. A depreciating rupee can make imported goods more expensive, contributing to inflation.
  • Government Policies: Government policies related to subsidies, taxes, and public spending can impact inflation. For instance, reducing subsidies on essential goods can lead to price increases.
  • Global Commodity Prices: Prices of commodities like oil, which Nepal imports, can affect inflation. Rising global commodity prices can lead to higher costs for businesses and consumers.

Comparison with Global Inflation Trends:

Global inflation trends can vary widely depending on regional and international economic conditions. Many countries aim to maintain inflation rates within a specific target range. In some regions, inflation may be low and stable, while in others, it can be higher due to various economic factors.

It’s essential to note that inflation trends in Nepal may differ from global trends due to the country’s unique economic conditions and its dependence on factors like remittances and agriculture. For the most current and detailed information on Nepal’s economic scenario, inflation, and comparisons with global trends, this article recommends consulting the official sites of Nepal Rastra Bank and the International Monetary Fund(IMF).

Nepal vs. Global Inflation Trends:

Nepal’s Inflation Trend:

  • Nepal has experienced relatively moderate inflation in the past few years, with consumer price inflation averaging around 6-7%.
  • The inflation rate for consumer prices in Nepal moved over the past 57 years between -3.1% and 19.8%.
  • One key driver of inflation in Nepal has been the impact of remittances from Nepalese workers abroad. These remittances can boost consumer spending and drive up demand for goods and services, contributing to inflation.

Global Inflation Trend:

  • In the years leading up to 2023,  many developed countries experienced low and stable inflation rates, often targeting inflation rates of around 2%. For example, the United States, the European Union, and Japan had relatively low inflation rates.
  • Developed countries with well-established monetary policies have been able to keep inflation in check. Central banks in these countries typically target a specific inflation rate and use various tools to maintain it.

How is inflation calculated?

Inflation is typically calculated using a widely used and straightforward formula known as the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The CPI measures changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services over time, representing the average inflation experienced by a typical household. Here’s how inflation is calculated:

  • Select a Base Year: The calculation starts by designating a “base year” against which all other years will be compared. This base year is a reference point with a CPI value of 100.
  • Determine the Basket of Goods and Services: A “basket” of goods and services is chosen to represent what an average consumer typically buys. This basket includes items like food, housing, clothing, transportation, and more.
  • Price Data Collection: The prices of the items in the basket are regularly collected in the current year and compared to their prices in the base year.
  • Calculate the Cost of the Basket in Each Year: The total cost of the basket of goods and services in both the base year and the current year is calculated by multiplying the quantity of each item by its price.
  • Calculate the CPI for the Current Year: The CPI for the current year is calculated by dividing the cost of the basket of goods and services in the current year by the cost of the same basket in the base year, and then multiplying by 100:
  • CPI (Current Year) = (Cost of Basket in Current Year / Cost of Basket in Base Year) x 100
  • Inflation Calculation: The inflation rate is determined by measuring the percentage change in the CPI between the current year and the previous year. The formula for calculating inflation is:
  • Inflation Rate = ((CPI in Current Year – CPI in Previous Year) / CPI in Previous Year) x 100

This percentage represents the rate at which prices for the selected basket of goods and services have increased or decreased over the specified period.

For example, if the CPI in the current year is 110 and the CPI in the previous year was 105, the inflation rate would be calculated as:

((110 – 105) / 105) x 100 = 4.76%

This means that, on average, prices for the selected basket of goods and services increased by 4.76% over the specified period. Inflation can be calculated on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis, depending on the reporting frequency of the data.

Role of the Central Bank and Government Policies in Controlling Inflation:

Central Bank’s Role:

The central bank, in Nepal’s case, the Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB), plays a pivotal role in controlling inflation. Its primary tool is monetary policy. The key mechanisms include:

  • Interest Rates: The central bank can adjust interest rates, such as the policy rate (the NRB Rate), to influence borrowing and spending. Raising interest rates can discourage borrowing and spending, helping to curb inflation.
  • Open Market Operations: NRB can buy or sell government securities in the open market to manage the money supply. Reducing the money supply can help control inflation.

Government Policies

Government policies also impact inflation which include:

  • Fiscal Policy: Government spending and taxation policies influence inflation. An increase in government spending without sufficient revenue can lead to inflation.
  • Subsidies: Government subsidies on essential goods can help control price increases.
  • Regulation: Ensuring fair competition and preventing monopolies can impact prices.
  • Trade Policy: Policies related to imports and exports can affect the cost of goods.

Overview of the Role of Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) in Controlling Inflation:

Nepal Rastra Bank plays a crucial role in formulating and implementing monetary policy. Its primary objective is to maintain price stability, which includes controlling inflation. NRB regularly reviews the monetary policy and uses various instruments like interest rates, reserve requirements, and open market operations to influence the money supply and manage inflation.

Effectiveness of Government Policies in Managing Inflation:

The effectiveness of government policies in managing inflation can vary. Proper fiscal and subsidy policies, along with effective regulation, can help control inflation. However, their success depends on implementation, coordination, and responsiveness to changing economic conditions.

Future Outlook and Potential Policy Changes:

The future outlook for inflation control in Nepal will depend on the country’s economic and political developments. NRB and the government will likely continue to monitor economic conditions and adjust policies as needed to maintain price stability. Any potential policy changes will be influenced by economic indicators and objectives set by NRB and the government.

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What is the inflation rate of Nepal now?

The inflation rate of Nepal is 7.87 percent.

What is the present CPI of Nepal?

The present CPI of Nepal is 167.41

What is the inflation rate in NRB?

The y-o-y consumer price inflation remained at 7.44 percent in mid-March 2023 compared to 7.14 percent a year ago.

What is the GDP of Nepal?

The GDP of Nepal is around 36.29 billion USD (2021).

What is the role of Nepal Rastra Bank in controlling inflation?

Nepal Rastra Bank, as the central bank of Nepal, plays a significant role in controlling inflation. It uses monetary policy tools like interest rates and liquidity management to influence the money supply in the economy and manage inflation.


In conclusion, managing inflation in Nepal demands a coordinated effort from the Nepal Rastra Bank and the government. With the current rate at 7.87 percent, the impact on consumers, businesses, and the overall economy underscores the importance of effective policies. Moving forward, adaptive strategies will be key to fostering economic stability and growth in Nepal.

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Index funds in Nepal: Is there index fund in Nepal?

First and foremost, Nepal unfortunately does not have index funds. But that does not mean SEBON (Security Exchange Board of Nepal) won’t introduce index funds in Nepal in the future. Or, if you’re not in Nepal but are interested in investing here, this is the perfect article for you which will give you all the information you need about index funds (in Nepal’s context).

Through this article, you will understand what an index fund is, what an index is, what are the benefits of investing in index funds, the drawbacks of investing in index funds, and whether index funds in Nepal should be initiated or not.


What is an index fund?

An index fund is an investment fund that pools the money that you invest and reinvests that money into other companies. This enables you to get a diversified market portfolio and thus minimizes your risk. But you know how the saying goes, lower the risk, lower the return. However, do note that index funds won’t rise and fall like individual stocks. Instead, it keeps rising gradually over time. 

Should Index funds be introduced in Nepal?

Weighing both the pros and cons of index funds, it is safe to say that introducing Index Funds in Nepal would be a plus point. It is the question of whether the Security Board of Nepal would change the current regulatory framework to initiate Index Funds in Nepal. Nepal now has a growing economy as compared to the past 10 years according to Central Beaurea of Statistics Nepal, meaning both the companies and interested investors can earn and prosper in the long run using index funds. 

Index Fund is the easiest way to enter the capital market if you’re a beginner or do not have time to analyze the market and trade actively. Either way, it is a safe way for people to invest their money with relatively low risk.

What is an index?

It is a way of measuring the performance of the market by looking at a sample of stocks or a group of stocks. Now you may feel like you could create an index but, only the established financial companies design and maintain indexes.

To understand this better, you can learn about these three indexes:

  • NYSE Composite Index: The NYSE Composite Index shows the combined value of all common stocks listed in the New York Stock Exchange. This includes stocks from various sectors and industries, providing us with an overview of the entire NYSE(New York Stock Exchange).
  • S&P 500 index: S&P 500 or the Standard and Poor’s 500 measures the performance of all the 500 large companies listed in the United States. It is one of the most widely followed equity indices and is a major indicator of the U.S. stock market’s health.
  • S&P Mid Cap Index: This is a part of the S&P Dow Jones Indices Family. It measures the performance of 400 medium-sized companies listed on the Stock Exchange in the United States. 

What are the advantages of index funds in Nepal?

  • Easy to manage: If you are not actively trading stocks and don’t have the time, index funds are the best option. You do not have to worry about the stock market and the constant movement in the stock market.
  • Tax Benefits: You pay tax when you make a transaction, but since there are fewer transactions in index funds, fewer capital gains are leading you to enjoy tax benefits.
  • Low fees: You need not actively manage and trade in the stock market, this reduces costs compared to actively managing funds.
  • Broad Market Exposure: When you invest in index funds, you get market exposure to different stocks from different sectors. This lowers the risk.

What are the disadvantages of index funds in Nepal?

  • No control over the portfolio: You invest in index funds you do not get to pick and choose what stocks you want. Index funds are passively managed and you cannot select individual stocks of your choice. And even if your stock’s value is declining, you cannot sell them and the index funds will passively hold onto them.
  • Long wait: To reap the full benefits of index funds, you need to play the waiting game. If you want a quick return in a short period, index funds are probably not meant for you.

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How do Index funds make you money?

The amount you invest is invested in other companies and dividends, interests, capital gains are paid to the investors regularly.

Can I invest in an index fund in India from Nepal?

You can invest in the Indian Stock Market according to the Portfolio Investment Scheme (PIS) of RBI(Reserve Bank of India) but will require a mutual fund account in India.

What are the three major index funds globally?

As of 26th December 2023, the top index funds are: NYSE Composite Funds, S&P 500, and S&P 400 are the major index funds in the global market.

Should I invest in Index Funds?

If you want to enter the stock market but, do not have the time to actively participate in trade or want to bear minimal risks, index funds are the way to go.

Are index funds better than Mutual Funds?

Mutual funds are comparatively more flexible than index funds because they are passively managed and you cannot actively react to the change in the market.

Is there index fund in Nepal

Currently, Nepal does not have any index funds available. However, there is a possibility that index funds may be introduced in the future.


The growing economy, stock literacy of the people, and the want of the people to enter the stock market seem like a green light for SEBON(Security Board of Nepal) to introduce Index funds in Nepal. Index Funds would increase investment in the capital market and also make it easier to track investments and capital gains.

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What is the difference between a limit order and a stop order?


Entering the world of trading is a fascinating journey, and understanding stock orders is essential to navigating it properly. Consider these orders as the instruments that assist you in managing and organizing your trades. We’ll be concentrating on two crucial instruments today: limit orders and stop orders.


What is a Limit Order?

Limit orders are the preferred tool for price pickers who are extremely precise. They provide you the authority to specify the precise price you wish to sell or buy. Pros include managing trades at certain levels in a logical manner, while also preventing market fluctuations and controlling execution prices. But, there needs to be assurance of prompt execution, which is a trade-off, particularly in erratic markets.

What is a stop order?

Image Stop Orders as safeguards. They operate as protectors of gains or stops against losses by setting off market orders at a predetermined price. Their specialties include risk management, profit locking with buy stops, and loss limiting on open trades with sell stops. 

They may have slippage in erratic markets and have no control over execution prices, but their value in tactical buy/sell opportunities cannot be disputed.

Difference between limit order and stop order

FeatureLimit OrderStop Order
Common UsesBuying at a specific price or lower, selling at a specific price or higherProtecting profits, limiting losses, entering trades during a breakout
TypesBuy limit, sell limitBuy stop, sell stop, trailing stop
Best forPrecise entry/exit, managing price riskRisk management, locking in profits, capitalizing on breakouts, limiting losses
Price ControlYou set the priceNo control (except with stop-limit orders)
ExecutionOnly if the specified price is reachedTriggers market order when price hits stop price

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What’s a limit order and a stop order?

A limit order sets a specific price to buy or sell a stock. A stop order triggers a market order when a stock reaches a certain price.

What is the difference between a limit order and a stop order?

The difference is in their purpose: a limit order specifies a price, while a stop order triggers at a designated price to minimize losses or secure gains.

Can I put a limit order and a stop order at the same time?

Yes, you can place both a limit order and a stop order simultaneously for the same stock.

What is the difference between a limit order and a stop order?

In short, a limit order has a set price, while a stop order triggers at a specified price; both can be used together.


As we come to the end of our exploration of limit and stop orders, keep in mind their distinct uses and subtleties. Your decision between these tools influences your trading strategy, regardless of whether you want strategic risk control or pricing precision. Your trading initiatives are fruitful as you ponder your objectives and risk tolerance. If you want to go deeper, think about learning more or speaking with a financial counselor.

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Stop Order: When to place an stop order?

What is a Stop order?

The stock market is a crazy place where prices fluctuate like a rollercoaster. The wonderful thing is that you have tools at your disposal to assist you in maintaining control. It is one of these instruments, and it’s like having your superhero cape for handling stock price fluctuations.

Stop order

So, to put it simply, what is a stop order? Essentially, it’s a letter that you give to your broker instructing them to purchase or sell a stock at a specific price. We refer to this particular position as the “stop price.” Consider it a warning indicator, similar to a red flag, alerting your broker to a potential trade opportunity when the stock hits a price you have already determined. It’s how you keep yourself informed and safeguard your investment.


What are the types of Stop orders?

Sell stops

Consider sell stops to be safety valves for your financial investments. The system automatically sells your shares if the price of a stock drops below a certain threshold that you establish (for example, $45 for a stock that you purchased at $50). This protects your gains if the market declines and helps you minimize your losses if things go south.

Buy Stops

Consider buy stops as buttons for automatic purchases. The method will automatically purchase shares for you whenever a stock hits a preset price (let’s say $25 for a stock now trading at $20). In this manner, you can profit from a possible increase in the stock’s value without investing too soon.

Trailing Stops

Consider trailing stops as traffic-sensitive smart lights. These stops fluctuate in value in tandem with asset prices, consistently remaining a certain percentage below the going rate. You have more room for gains if the price increases because the stop price also increases. 

The stop price moves with the price, shielding you from sharp declines.

How does Stop Order work?

Select Your Indicator

Select a pricing point; it’s like putting up a warning sign for the market. This point may be either above the current price (buy stop) or below it (sell stop).

Await the Signal

Visualize a dance floor in the market. Similar to waiting for a rollercoaster to reach the peak before beginning the ride, your order remains silent until the market reaches the price you have selected.

The signal is on! It’s Action Time

 Whoa! When the market hits the price you’ve set, your order goes into effect and becomes a market order.

Market Order Takes Over

The market is now taking the lead. Due to fluctuations in the market, the price at which your order is filled may fluctuate somewhat from the one you have selected.

Purchase or Dispose as Scheduled

Your order will either seize the security (buy stop) or release it (sell stop) according to the signal you have selected. Imagine it like automatically getting off the rollercoaster at the precise location you select.

When do you place a stop order?

  • Locking in Wins

Don’t forget to lock in your wins if you’re having them! Put a sell-stop order below the going rate. Your shares automatically sell if the market declines past that amount, protecting your earnings.

  • Reducing Losses

If your stock isn’t doing well, set a cap on how much you can lose. Put a sell stop below the purchase price. Your order takes effect and lessens your losses if the stock continues to decline.

  • Seizing Chances

Do you believe a stock is going to rise? Place a purchase-stop order above the going rate. Your order is automatically placed if the stock rises beyond that threshold, allowing you to profit from the upward trend.

  • Playing it Safe When Wagering Against 

Exercise caution when wagering on a stock’s decline. Above the price of your short entry, place a purchase stop. Your order limits the amount you could lose if the stock rises suddenly.

  • Avoiding Market Jitters

Exercise caution when the market is erratic. When making new investments during volatile times, use stop orders. By doing this, you can stay out of the unexpected declines and increases in the market.

What are the examples of Stop orders?

Avoiding Big Losses

Sarah paid $50 for each of the 100 shares of ABC Company that she now owns. She puts in an order to sell them automatically if the price goes to $40 or less to make sure she doesn’t lose too much money. That way, if things don’t work out, she will have less money to lose.

Seizing Chances

David is monitoring XYZ stock, which is trading at $20. Though he is cautious about making an early purchase, he believes it may rise. Therefore, he places a buy order that will be automatically filled if the stock price rises to $25 or higher. In this manner, he can ride the wave and possibly profit if the stock continues to rise.

Playing it Safe When Betting Against a Stock

Maya is “shorting” the DEF stock, which is speculating that it will decline. She places an order to automatically purchase the stock if its price hits $45 or higher to safeguard herself if the stock unexpectedly rises. If things don’t work out as planned, this helps her reduce the amount of money she could lose.

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What needs to happen to stop disequilibrium from occurring?

Disequilibrium in the market occurs when there's an imbalance between supply and demand. To fix this, market forces must come into play. This could mean adjusting prices, increasing production or consumption, or reducing trade barriers. Essentially, it's about finding a balance between what's being supplied and what's being demanded.

What is a buy-stop order?

A buy-stop order is like setting a trigger for a shopping spree. It activates a market buy order only if the stock price reaches or goes beyond a specific level. It's a way to automatically jump into a trade when the price starts going up, capturing potential profit opportunities.

What is a stop-limit order to sell?

Think of a stop-limit sell order as a safety net with preferences. It instructs your broker to sell a security only if the price reaches or falls below a certain level, but it should be at a limited price or better. This ensures that you get the best possible selling price.

How does a stop-limit order work?

A stop-limit order is like having a watchful eye on the market. It monitors the current price, and when it reaches a set stop price, it triggers a sell order. However, it adds an extra layer by setting a limit price. It attempts to sell at that limit price or better, but it might execute at a different price if market conditions change.

What is a stop market order?

A stop-market order is like hitting the sell button without hesitation. It triggers a market sell order immediately when the stop price is reached, regardless of the execution price. This prioritizes speed over having strict control over the selling price. It's a quick way to get out of a trade when the market hits a specific point.


To successfully navigate the ever-changing financial markets, stop orders are an indispensable instrument. These tools enable investors to manage their portfolios proactively, whether it’s by using buy-stop orders to capture possible breakouts, stop-limit orders to make smart sell decisions, or stop market orders to react quickly to market fluctuations. People may improve their risk management, safeguard earnings, and take advantage of market chances by learning how to use stop orders wisely. This will ultimately help them adopt a more robust and controlled attitude to their investing journey.

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Can a Nepali citizen invest in foreign shares

Can a Nepali citizen invest in foreign shares is the most asked question nowadays. Buying and selling stocks is the topmost and trending topic that has been arising today in Nepal. Investing globally can offer more chances to grow your money. It allows you to benefit from worldwide economic improvements and provides a broader range of investment options. We will discuss the investment opportunities that are possible for Nepali citizens.


Let’s first understand the stock market in Nepal. Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) established in 1994, actively supports the national economy by facilitating the buying and selling of shares, channeling funds to businesses, and fostering investment. 

Operating under the regulations of the Securities Board of Nepal, NEPSE employs modern technologies for efficient online trading. It lists companies from various sectors, allowing investors to trade shares during specified hours. NEPSE’s indices offer insights into market performance, attracting both domestic and international investors and contributing to the overall development of Nepal’s financial landscape.

Can a Nepali citizen invest in foreign shares?

As you know, Nepal has strict capital controls. According to the act provided by the Nepal Law Commission, Nepali citizens cannot lawfully invest abroad unless they acquire special permission from the Nepal government or Nepal Rastra Bank. Act Restricting Investment Abroad, 2021(1964)

Act Restricting Investment Abroad
Act Restricting Investment Abroad

This act is so old that King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev adopted it with the approval of the national panchayat. Although King Mahendra died, as did Nepal’s kingdom, this statute remains in place today.

According to the law, those in violation would face a fine equal to the investment and/or imprisonment for up to six months. Nepalese citizens are unable to transfer funds outside of the nation except for medical, travel, and educational needs.

What is the objective of this law?

Looking at it objectively, there are positive sides to this Act. Without it, Rich individuals might invest in foreign assets, leaving our homeland barren to gain higher investment returns. As we know Nepal’s economy requires a lot of investment, and NEPSE, in its early days, needs more attention and care to grow, even if it’s somewhat enforced.

The goal of the government is to stop money from leaving the nation. Similar to Nepal, a lot of countries with lower reserves of foreign currency prevent their citizens from making large-scale foreign exchange investments abroad. As a result, residents of these economies—including Nepal—are prohibited from making outside investments.

Some believe this law is illogical, outdated, and badly worked out. They believe that investment in any nation that allows such acts should be open to Nepalese citizens as well as all other free people. Still, laws are laws, and we have to follow them, particularly if they are provided by our constitution.

Understanding Act Restricting Investment Abroad, 2021(1964)

Some individuals may experience confusion regarding the “Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer Act, 2019” and the “Act Restricting Investment Abroad 2021,” mistakenly believing that these acts permit Nepalese citizens to invest in foreign stock exchanges.

Here is the fact: 

The 2019 Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer Act (FITTA) intended to bring in foreign investment, technology, and money for the export expansion and substitution of import industries. Similar to the “Act Restricting Investment Abroad 2021,” the FITTA bans people of Nepal from investing abroad. To improve the national economy and make it profitable, strong, and employment-oriented for long-term economic growth, the focus is instead on attracting foreign investment and technology.

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Does Nepal's judicial system monitor or keep an eye on the situation?

The government is monitoring but the fact many people use the loophole and invest in India and other countries. Nepal Law Commission may have personal insight on the matter.

How do I buy international stocks from Nepal?

Nepali citizens are not allowed to invest in foreign shares according to the policies of the Nepal Government and the central bank. If the Nepal government allowed Nepali citizens to purchase stocks from other countries, currencies that are accepted in the international market like Euros, USD, Yen, GBP, or Chinese Yuan are required. If you have an international bank account in any of these, it's better. Next, open a brokerage account with a company that lets you trade on different stock markets. Fidelity Investments is one such option, but it doesn't accept accounts from Nepal.


Nepal implemented tight capital controls under the 1964 Act Restricting Investment Abroad. This regulation requires formal authorization for international investments, which has drawn controversy. However, it should be noted that the major goal of this regulation is to promote domestic economic growth. Nepal’s government is not now interested in promoting a free market environment for foreign investments. After reading the blog you might be clear about Can a Nepali citizen invest in foreign shares.

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How does the share market work in Nepal?

The share market allows investors to acquire and sell company stock through Initial Public Offerings (IPOs). Investors trade through brokerage companies, which use a computerized system to match orders. The clearing and settlement processes maintain transaction security. 

Market activity is monitored to avoid manipulation. Share ownership is broad, with the government monitoring safety issues. Overall, the stock market allows businesses to raise capital and investors to take part in economic growth. let’s first understand about the NEPSE. 


What is NEPSE?

The Nepal Stock Exchange, or NEPSE, is Nepal’s only stock market and plays an important role in the country’s share market. It offers investment options to investors and advises individuals interested in Nepal’s economic activity. NEPSE was founded in 1993 and had 226 businesses listed by June 2023, with a total market value of Rs. 306,196 crore (US$24 billion) as of February 2023. NEPSE has 76 accredited brokerage firms across the country to help people buy and sell.

What is the share ownership in the Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE)?

NEPSE is primarily owned by the Government of Nepal, holding 58.66% of the ownership. Other major shareholders contribute to the remaining ownership, as indicated in the table below.

Government Of Nepal (GON)58.66
Nepal Rasta Bank (NRB)24.60
Employees Provident Fund10
Other Shareholders16.74

How does the share market work in Nepal?

Here are the key components of how the share market works in Nepal:

  • Company Registration: Companies that wish to be listed on the stock exchange must register with the Securities Board of Nepal (SEBON) and meet specific criteria, including financial stability and observance of regulations.
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO): A company, after meeting the regulatory requirements, can issue shares to the public through an Initial Public Offering (IPO). This is the first time the company’s shares are made available for public purchase.
  • Investor Account Opening: Individuals who want to buy or sell shares in the stock market need to open a Demat (Dematerialized) account with a registered brokerage firm. This account holds your shares in electronic form, eliminating the need for physical share certificates.
  • Broker Selection: Investors need to choose a stockbroker registered with NEPSE. The broker facilitates the buying and selling of shares on behalf of the investor.
  • Placing Orders: Investors can place orders through their broker, specifying the quantity and price at which they want to buy or sell shares. There are three types of orders: market orders (buy/sell at the current market price), limit orders (buy/sell at a specific price), and stop orders, which are executed as market orders after the stock hits a specific price.
  • Order Matching: NEPSE operates a computerized trading system. The buy and sell orders are matched based on price and time priority. The matching process results in executed trades.
  • Clearing and Settlement: After a trade is executed, the clearing and settlement process takes place. NEPSE’s clearinghouse ensures the delivery of shares to the buyer and payment to the seller. This process helps in maintaining the integrity of trades.
  • Market Indices: NEPSE maintains various market indices like the NEPSE Index and the Sensitive Index, reflecting the overall market performance. Investors often use these indices as benchmarks.
  • Market Surveillance: SEBON and NEPSE closely monitor market activities to ensure fair and transparent trading. They have rules and regulations in place to prevent market manipulation and insider trading.
  • Dividends and Corporate Actions: Companies may issue dividends to shareholders, and there can be corporate actions like stock splits or mergers. Investors are entitled to participate in these events based on their shareholding.
  • Continuous Disclosure: Listed companies are required to provide regular financial reports and updates to SEBON, NEPSE, and the public. This ensures transparency and helps investors make informed decisions.
  • Investor Education and Awareness: SEBON and NEPSE also focus on investor education and awareness programs to empower investors with knowledge about the stock market, investment risks, and financial literacy.

By following these steps, investors participate in the buying and selling of shares on the Nepal Stock Exchange, contributing to the overall functioning of the stock market in the country.

How Your Order Is Processed?

With so many investors distributed over the world, it is unrealistic for everyone to assemble in one area to make their trades. This is where stockbrokers and brokerage businesses come in. When you decide to buy a stock at a given price, your broker handles the transaction at the exchange. Behind the scenes, numerous parties work together to ensure that everything operates well. Meanwhile, the exchange verifies the information of both buyers and sellers to avoid any defaults. After validating everything, it permits the real transfer of ownership of the shares, also known as settlement.

Previously, settling deals took weeks, but today it takes only T+2 days. For example, if you trade today, your shares will be in your demat account the day after tomorrow, or two working days later. The exchange assures that the trade is respected upon settlement. Whether the seller possesses the stock or not, the buyer will get their shares. If settlements are not upheld, the integrity of the stock market suffers since trades may not be fulfilled.

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How to buy stocks for beginners?

Open a brokerage account, research stocks, choose a stock, and place a buy order.

How to study the share market for beginners?

Read beginner-friendly books, follow financial news, and use online resources to understand market basics.

What is the basic knowledge of the share market?

Understand stock terminology, learn about company financials, and grasp the concept of buying and selling shares.


NEPSE is Nepal’s main stock market. Companies register, conduct IPOs, and get listed. Investors open accounts, place orders, and trade through NEPSE’s system. The market is monitored for fairness, and disclosure is mandatory for listed companies. NEPSE is mostly owned by the government. This process allows investors to participate in Nepal’s stock market and contribute to its growth.