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In Nepal, districts come after provinces as the level two administrative units. Municipalities and rural municipalities are divisions of districts. Nepal has 77 districts and 7 provinces.

After the state’s administrative divisions were reorganized, the districts of Nawalparasi and Rukum were split into the respective Eastern Rukum District and Western Rukum District, as well as Parasi District (officially Nawalparasi (West of Bardaghat Susta) District) and Nawalpur District (officially Nawalparasi (East of Bardaghat Susta) District).

The Chief District Officer (C.D.O. ), who is chosen by the government and acts as the top administrative figure within a district, is at the top of the hierarchy of district officials. The duties of the C.D.O. include managing the district’s many departments, such as the departments of security, health, and education.

The District Coordination Committee (DCC) also acts as the District Assembly’s executive branch. Particularly when it comes to settling any political disagreements, the DCC is crucial in promoting cooperation between the Provincial Assembly, rural municipalities, and municipalities. Furthermore, it keeps local organizations functioning in the district in harmony with the provincial and federal governments.

History of Districts of Nepal

Nepal was divided into 10 districts during the rule of King Rajendra Bir Bikram Shah and Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa, with the lands to the east of the Dudh Koshi River constituting a single district known as Dhankuta.

From 1885 until 1950, Nepal was split into 32 districts under the rule of Prime Minister Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana, who founded the Rana administration. Doti, Palpa, and Dhankuta were among those to get the “gaunda” or cantonment area designation. 20 districts made up the hilly region, whereas 12 districts made up the Terai region.

From Bir Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana’s leadership until the fall of the Rana dynasty in Nepal in 1951, and until the proclamation of the new constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal in 1962, this division of 32 districts lasted. Every district had a separate administrative center, which was managed by a district administrator known as the “Bada Haqim.”

A massive administrative reform took place in Nepal in 1962, replacing the 32 old districts with a new system made up of 14 zones and 75 development districts.

Nepal had a four-tiered governmental structure in place from 1962 to 1990 when it was under the Panchayat System. During this time, there were 75 districts in the nation. Later, two more districts were added by severing Nawalparasi and Rukum, increasing the total to 77.

Map of Nepal with District

Map-of-Nepal

 

Province of Nepal

list of the provinces of Nepal with their respective capital city, no. of districts, and area in sq. km

S.N.ProvincesCapitalNo. of DistrictsArea in (Sq. KM)
1Koshi ProvinceBiratnagar1425905
2Madhesh ProvinceJanakpur89661
3Bagmati ProvinceHetauda1320300
4Gandaki ProvincePokhara1129504
5Lumbini ProvinceDeukhuri1222288
6Karnali ProvinceBirendranagar1027984
7Sudurpashchim ProvinceGodawari919539

List of Districts of Nepal: Headquarters and Area

Districts of Province 1: Koshi Province

The total area covered by Koshi Province is 25,905 km Square and its total population is 4,961,412

map-of-koshi province

 

District NameHeadquartersArea in (Sq. KM)
Bhojpur DistrictBhojpur1507
Dhankuta DistrictDhankuta892
Ilam DistrictIlam1703
Jhapa DistrictBhadrapur1606
Khotang DistrictDiktel1591
Morang DistrictBiratnagar1855
Okhaldhunga DistrictSiddhicharan1074
Panchthar DistrictPhidim1241
Sankhuwasabha DistrictKhandbari3480
Solukhumbu DistrictSolududhkunda3312
Sunsari DistrictInaruwa1257
Taplejung DistrictPhungling3646
Tehrathum DistrictMyanglung679
Udayapur DistrictTriyuga2063

Districts of Province 2: Madhesh Province

The total area covered by Province 2 is 9,661 km square and its total population is 6,114,600.

map-of-madhesh province

District NameHeadquartersArea in (Sq. KM)
Parsa DistrictBirgunj1353
Bara DistrictKalaiya1190
Rautahat DistrictGaur1126
Sarlahi DistrictMalangwa1259
Dhanusha DistrictJanakpur1180
Siraha DistrictSiraha1188
Mahottari DistrictJaleshwar1002
Saptari DistrictRajbiraj1363

Districts of Province 3: Bagmati Province

The total area covered by Bagmati Province is  20,300 km square whereas its population is 6,116,866.

Map-of-Bagmati Province

District NameHeadquartersArea in (Sq. KM)
Sindhuli DistrictKamalamai2491
Ramechhap DistrictManthali1546
Dolakha DistrictBhimeshwar2191
Bhaktapur DistrictBhaktapur119
Dhading DistrictNilkantha1926
Kathmandu DistrictKathmandu395
Kavrepalanchok DistrictDhulikhel1396
Lalitpur DistrictLalitpur385
Nuwakot DistrictBidur1121
Rasuwa DistrictDhunche1544
Sindhupalchok DistrictChautara2542
Chitwan DistrictBharatpur2218
Makwanpur DistrictHetauda2426

Districts of Province 4:  Gandaki Province

The total area covered by Gandaki province is 21,793km square and its population is 2,466,427. 

Map-of-gandaki province

District NameHeadquartersArea in (Sq. KM)
Baglung DistrictBaglung1784
Gorkha DistrictGorkha3610
Kaski DistrictPokhara2017
Lamjung DistrictBesisahar1692
Manang DistrictChame3573
Mustang DistrictJomsom2246
Myagdi DistrictBeni2297
Nawalparasi (East of Bardaghat Susta) DistrictKawasoti1043
Parbat DistrictKusma494
Syangja DistrictPutalibazar1164
Tanahun DistrictDamauli1546

Districts of Province 5: Lumbini Province

The total area covered by Lumbini province is 19,271 km square and the total population is

5,122,078.

Map-of-Lumbini province

District NameHeadquartersArea in (Sq. KM)
Kapilvastu DistrictTaulihawa1738
Nawalparasi (West of Bardaghat Susta) DistrictRamgram634.88
Rupandehi DistrictSiddharthanagar1360
Arghakhanchi DistrictSandhikharka1193
Gulmi DistrictTamghas1149
Palpa DistrictTansen1373
Dang DistrictGhorahi2955
Pyuthan DistrictPyuthan1309
Rolpa DistrictLiwang1879
Eastern Rukum DistrictRukumkot1161.13
Banke DistrictNepalganj2337
Bardiya DistrictGulariya2025

Districts of Province 6: Karnali Province

The total area covered by Karnali Province is 30, 702 km square, and the total population is 1,688,412.

Map-of-Karnali Province

District NameHeadquartersArea in (Sq. KM)
Western Rukum DistrictMusikot1213.49
Salyan DistrictSalyan1462
Dolpa DistrictDunai7889
Humla DistrictSimikot5655
Jumla DistrictChandannath2531
Kalikot DistrictManma1741
Mugu DistrictGamgadhi3535
Surkhet DistrictBirendranagar2451
Dailekh DistrictNarayan1502
Jajarkot DistrictKhalanga2230

Districts of Province 7: Sudurpaschim Province

The total area covered by this province is 19,539 km square and its total population is 515,069

Map-of-sudurpaschim Province

District NameHeadquartersArea in (Sq. KM)
Kailali DistrictDhangadhi3235
Achham DistrictMangalsen1680
Doti DistrictDipayal Silgadhi2025
Bajhang DistrictJayaprithvi3422
Bajura DistrictMartadi2188
Kanchanpur DistrictBheemdatta1610
Dadeldhura DistrictAmargadhi1538
Baitadi DistrictDasharathchand1519
Darchula DistrictDarchula2322

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FAQs:

Which is the largest province according to area?

Karnali province is the largest province according to area.

Which is the smallest province according to area?

Madhesh province is the smallest province according to area.

Which is the largest province according to population?

Bagmati province is the largest according to population.

Which is the smallest province according to both area and population?

Madhesh province( province 2) is the smallest province according to both area and population.

Which is the smallest province according to population?

Karnali is the smallest province according to population only.

What are the new two districts of Nepal?

The names of two districts — Rukum and Nawalparasi — that were split into two each will remain the same if the constitution is not amended by a two-thirds majority.

How many districts are there in 7 provinces of Nepal?

There are 77 districts in 7 provinces where each districts are divided into municipalities and rural municipality.


Conclusion:

The division of 77 districts significantly consolidated authority not just in the national capital but also at the district headquarters. Therefore, the federalization process must ensure that the authorities consolidated in district headquarters are decentralized. However, it seems like there should be a detailed discussion about the importance or lack of district-level authority. Any devolution must guarantee that the current public services provided at the local level are not impacted during the transition.

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